Highly Ordered Carbon Coating Prepared with Polyvinylidene Chloride Precursor for High‐Performance Silicon Anodes in Lithium‐Ion Batteries
A highly ordered carbon structure based on polyvinylidene chloride precursor has been developed to host silicon nanoparticles. The stoichiometric ratio of sacrificial H and Cl elements facilitated full utilization of the carbon content of the precursor that produced robust carbon coatings on silicon nanoparticles with excellent mechanic properties and electrochemical stabilities. The optimal sintering temperature and carbon content have been investigated. When evaluated as the anode of a lithium-ion battery (LIB), the Si : C 1 : 2 composite sintered at 800 °C (SiC12-800) provided excellent capacity retention of 85 % at 0.1 C after 50 cycles with an enhanced CE, which reached 99 % only after 10 cycles. The SiC12-800 electrode maintained a specific capacity of 709.2 mAh/g after 300 cycles at 0.3 C, and delivered a high rate performance of 737.9 mAh/g and 485.6 mAh/g at 5 C and 10 C, respectively. The results indicate that polymer precursors with stoichiometric ratio of sacrificial elements have high potential for generating highly robust carbon coatings for silicon anodes in high energy density LIBs.